Source: The Print
We’ve discussed a lot in our previous documents about Nipah Virus and its mechanism. This is a zoonotic fatal disease that has spread in Southern India in Kozhikode district of Kerala. But the good news is, it hasn’t yet spread widely to any other city or state and people have been informed before so that they are aware and can take precautions.
In this document, we shall discuss the diet and precautions that we should take. The Dietitians at Trustmedi have come up with certain hygiene plans and diet maintenance tips that would help all of us to stay healthy and free from Nipah.
NIV is a new zoonotic virus that causes several diseases in both animals and humans. Like encephalitis in humans and sudden onset of fever, nausea, headache, a rigidity of neck is some of the symptoms of NIV. It is transmitted from person to person through infected bats or pigs. There is no antiviral therapy yet invented against this infection. Nipah Virus can also be transmitted through the secretion of saliva, urine, or faeces of the infected animals. Mangoes, dates, and palms are bats most preferred fruits.
HERE ARE SOME TIPS THAT YOU SHOULD MAINTAIN TO PREVENT NIPAH:
1. It is better to follow basic precautions before picking any fruits. Never pick fruits that are bitten or have scratches or marks. Check properly before buying. It’s better to go for handpicked fruits rather than packed ones.
2. If you’re unsure about the fruits you bought immerse them in water for a longer period so that all the bacteria and virus can be washed off from its surface.
3. For thick-skinned fruits like watermelon and muskmelon, you can avoid immersion bit and can consume the inside part after discarding the skin.
4. Always check the surface of fruits specially chickoo, mango, and banana before buying.
Banana has thick skin, so the chances are rare that bats can infect them.
5. Good hygiene practice should be maintained like washing hands and vegetables before cooking food can help. We should avoid consuming fruits that have paw marks or is contaminated. In humans, the primary carriers of NIV are the respiratory secretions. If a person who is a victim of NIV and has respiratory symptoms like coughing and sneezing the chances are high that another person might get affected. Never share food or bed with an infected person.
ACTION TAKEN BY THE GOVERNMENT:
The Kerala government has confirmed 10 deaths from Nipah virus infection. The government has organized a food safety regulator plan, a team of 30 officials to check fruits and vegetables sold across the state. These inspectors will not just do the manual checking of fruits and vegetables to find bats but will also collect samples of clean fruits for testing in laboratories. As stated by M.G. Raja Manickam, the food safety commissioner at Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI), Kerala. An autonomous body under the health ministry is also trying to know the role of water in the spread of Nipah Virus.
Visit https://www.trustmedi.com/kolkata/ and Book a dietitian appointment online in Kolkata for better health.