Anaemia: Causes, Symptoms & Prevention


Did you know? An estimated 50 percent of the Indian population is Anaemic, occurring in one out of every two women in various forms. A survey performed by the Indian Council of Medical Research found that the prevalence of anaemia was a skyrocketing 80 to 90 percent among preschool children, pregnant women, adolescent girls and women of childbearing age.

A condition in which the level of red blood cells and the haemoglobin formation are lower than normal, Anemia indicates a decrease in oxygen supply to the body’s cells, organs and tissues.


You may suffer from blood anaemia due to iron deficiency in the blood, along with decreased levels of vitamin B12 and folate.

It can also be caused by blood loss or a low-nutrient diet that hinders the body’s ability to produce haemoglobin.

Anaemia may also be hereditary or genetically transferred. Adults also may have a greater risk of developing anaemia because of poor diet and other medical conditions.



According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, if an individual suffers from anaemia, his body is devoid of oxygen-rich blood. As a result, he may feel excessively tired or weak. Listed below are the 10 most common symptoms of the condition:

  • - Tiredness

  • - Weak bones and muscles

  • - Trouble while exercising

  • - Lack of concentration

  • - Fatigue

  • - Shortness of breath

  • - Heart problems

  • - Spleen dysfunction

  • - Digestive issues

  • - Skin yellowing


Eating Habits

Anaemia symptoms can be greatly reduced by improving your diet and including foods that are rich in iron, vitamin B12 and folate. Anaemia caused due to iron or vitamin deficiency may be avoided if you have a nutrient-rich diet. Here are 5 ways you can enhance your diet:  

  1. 1. If you prefer non-vegetarian food, you must consume chicken or beef liver due to its iron and B vitamin-rich content. If you are a vegetarian or vegan, consume more of beans, lentils, iron-fortified cereals, and dehydrated fruits.

  2. 2. Naturally healthy sweetener- blackstrap molasses, are high in iron, calcium, magnesium and potassium. Just drink it with a little warm water.

  3. 3. Vitamin C-rich foods help in the absorption of iron. Add citrus fruits like oranges or lemon and cruciferous vegetables like broccoli or cauliflower to your diet for added benefits. This helps increase iron absorption in your body.

  4. 4. Foods like meat, dairy products, and certain soy products can be added to your diet plan as they are rich in vitamin B12.

  5. 5. Green leafy vegetables like spinach have significant amounts of iron and folate and hold great benefits to stave off symptoms of anaemia. Folate and folic acid can be found in fruits, green peas, peanuts, kidney beans, and enriched grain products, such as bread, cereal, pasta and rice.