6 Common Causes of Joint Pains
Joint pains are one of the most common health complications and almost everybody experiences it at some point in their lives. Joint pain can occur in young adults to elderly people as the causes are seemingly diverse. 
 
Here, we have listed some of the common causes of joint pains.
 
1. Arthritis
Arthritis is the obvious cause of joint pains. The disease spans more than 200 types, every type/variety of Arthritis is somehow linked to the inflammation in the joints.
Arthritis damages the cartilage – a tissue which covers the joints. Healthy cartilage allows smooth gliding of the bone joints. However, when the cartilage gets damaged, friction arises between the bones which cause swelling, pain and even loss of joint mobility. One of the most common types of Arthritis is Osteoarthritis which causes joint deformity and limited joint mobility.
 
2. Prolonged activities
Pain in the joints can also be caused by doing a particular activity for a sustained period of time. Repetitive activities like practicing tennis, running, painting, musical instrument, and video games give extra stress to the joints which eventually triggers pain. Giving extra stress to joints can trigger complications like bursitis, joint inflammation, and severe pain. 
 
3. Injury and Infection
Injury has a direct correlation with joint pains, especially if the nature of the injury is a fracture or joint dislocation. Physical injuries to the joint can also increase the risk of post-traumatic Osteoarthritis. As a result, one may experience mobility discomfort, swelling, severe joint pain and even limitations in joint movements.
Viral or bacterial infections can also cause pain in the joints. Some of the bacterial infections that can trigger joint pain include tuberculosis, pneumonia, strep throat, staphylococcus infection, and Gonorrhoea.
 
4. Bone cancer
Bone cancer is another major cause of joint pains. Bone cancer occurs when there’s abnormal musculoskeletal growth. Young children can be at risk of developing bone cancer, and severe pain in the joints is one of the earliest symptoms. Similarly, adults may also experience severe joint pains triggered by bone cancer. So, it is important to diagnose if joint pain persists for more than 3 days.
 
5. Side effects of medication
Powerful medicines like steroids can trigger pain in the joints as a side effect. Anticholesterol drug statin causes muscle aches and joint pains. Aromatase inhibitors (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17761973), prescribed to breast cancer patients has been known to cause pain in the joints as part of the side effects.
 
6. Scleroderma
Scleroderma is an autoimmune disorder which increases the production of collagen (structural protein of the bones). The disorder hardens the tissues in joints which cause difficulty in mobility. This eventually leads to severe pain in the joints.
 
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