Cholesterol is fats produced by your liver and is then distributed throughout your body. Your body and the cells need cholesterol for proper functioning. It helps your body make Vitamin D and bile acids. Though cholesterol plays an important role in your body but too much of cholesterol can be harmful. High cholesterol doesn’t come with any symptom, but a simple blood test can reveal whether you have high cholesterol or not.
Cholesterol is of two types:
• LDL or Bad Cholesterol: it raises your risk of heart ailment and stroke.
• HDL or Good Cholesterol: it lowers the risk of heart disease and stroke.
Let’s take a look at how high cholesterol levels affect your body:
1. Digestive System
High level of cholesterol causes an imbalance in the production of bile. This causes gallstones. Apart from that high cholesterol levels cause plaque build-up in your arteries, thus restricting the blood flow to your kidneys and stomach. This often causes a condition called Intestinal Ischemic Syndrome or blockage in arteries that leads to the intestines or bowel. The symptom for this condition includes nausea, bloody stool, abdominal pain, and vomiting.
2. Circulatory System
Cholesterol is distributed in your body through the bloodstream. The LDL or Low-density Lipoproteins helps in transporting cholesterol throughout your body as and when needed. However, when there is excess cholesterol, it gets deposited in your arteries. On the other hand, HDL or High-density Lipoproteins take this extra cholesterol and then return it to your liver. With excess LDL, your coronary arteries will narrow down, thus making it tough for the blood to pass through the artery and reach your heart. In case any area of plaque breaks open it causes blood clot. This blocks the blood flow altogether and exposes you to the risk of having a heart attack. There are several symptoms of reduced blood supply to the heart. This includes chest pain, discomfort, and pressure in chest. You may also feel pain in your shoulders, neck, jaw, arms, or back. Often people mistake angina for indigestion.’
3. High cholesterol affects your liver function
Liver problem and cholesterol levels go hand in hand. High cholesterol levels cause fat build-up in your liver, thus causing non-alcoholic steatohepatitis or NASH. This condition is also known as "fatty liver disease." High cholesterol is one of the prime contributors to NASH, but other liver conditions can also increase your cholesterol levels. For instance, liver diseases such as alcoholic hepatitis and cirrhosis can shoot up your cholesterol levels. This is a condition where the bile ducts in your liver are destroyed. This is also known as primary biliary cirrhosis and causes high cholesterol.
It is very important to watch your diet and lifestyle for maintaining a healthy cholesterol level. Go for regular check-ups to ensure that the cholesterol levels are within limit. If you are looking for doctors in Kolkata or for doctor appointment booking, then we can help you by providing you with a complete list of doctors near you. Visit https://www.trustmedi.com/ today.